Yantarny - Palmnickenпечать
Known as Palmnicken in German times, the village is on the coast about 35 km from Kaliningrad.
Bomb damage was minimal so older German tourists can recognize the layout and again enjoy Sunday afternoons along the beach.
After the Soviet Army started attack on East Prussia in January 1945, the concentration camp Stutthof with its side camps has to be eliminated. Thousands of jewish prisoners have been chased via Koenigsberg to Palmnicken, where they first have been imprisoned in an old mine (Annagrube) and then, on Jan 31, 1945, chased into the cold sea and shot dead.
From 7000 prisoners started at Stutthof just 3000 reached Palmnicken, and only 12-15 people survived the massacre committed by SS and helpers.
A monument and a memorial stone on the beach commemorate the almost 3000 Jews who were shot or driven into the sea by members of the German SS on January 31, 1945.
There is now one large opencast mine is use, producing about 450 tons of amber a year, about 90% of world production. Water has now seeped into others, although Russian children follow their German predecessors in collecting amber pieces from the beach when they have been washed up after the storm.
There is somewhat precarious viewing point from which the whole mine can be seen; strong footwear is necessary to reach it and an equally strong constitution to tolerate the dire environmental pollution that it causes.
A small private amber work shop can be visited during this trip as well as to buy the amber souvenirs.