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Kaliningrad - Koenigsberg

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The largest city and the administrative center of Kaliningrad region is Kaliningrad (formerly known as Königsberg), which has historical significance as both a major city of the historical state of Prussia and the capital of the former German province of East Prussia, partitioned after World War II between the USSR and Poland, and renamed in 1946 after the Soviet Head of State Mikhail Kalinin.

The German population was expelled and the city was repopulated with Soviet citizens. German was replaced by Russian as the language of everyday life. The city was rebuilt, and went through industrialization and modernization.

As the westernmost territory of the USSR, the Kaliningrad Oblast became a strategically impor-tant area during the Cold Water. The Soviet Baltic Fleet was headquartered in the city in the 1950s. Because of its strategic importance, Kaliningrad has been closed to foreign visitors for many years.

Kaliningrad is the only Russian Baltic Sea port that is ice-free all year round and hence plays an important role in maintenance of the Baltic Fleet.

Due to the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Kaliningrad Oblast became an exclave, geo-graphically separated from the rest of Russia. This isolation from the rest of Russia became even more pronounced politically when Poland and Lithuania became members of the European Union in 2004.

Many important figures, such as Immanuel Kant and E. T. A. Hoffmann, have their origins in this region. Despite being heavily damaged during World War II and thereafter, Kaliningrad still contains some typical German architecture, such as the Cathedral, Jugendstil, Koenigsberg city Gates and others, showcasing the rich German history and cultural importance of the area.

In July 2005, 750-year jubilee of city widely celebrated.



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Places to visit

Cathedral

(Kant’s street)
(from 09.30 till 16.30, closed on Monday)

This Cathedral was built in 14 century, it was reconstructed several times, and it was destroyed greatly during The World War II. It is reconstructed now. There is a tomb of a well-known phi-losopher I. Kant.
There is Kant’s museum and expositions in the cathedral, such as: "The history of Kneiphoff isl-and", "Cathedral. Revival from ruins" and "I. Kant and his town". The concerts are held there.

Art Gallery

(Moskovsky pr.60/62)
(from 11.00 till 19.00 closed on Monday, Tuesday)
The gallery presents the things of the contemporary and modern art.

Art and History Museum

(Klinicheskaya str., 21)
(from 10.00 till 17.00 closed on Monday)
In a former building of a city gallery the history of Kaliningrad is represented.

Amber Museum

(Marshal Vasilevsky Sq.)
(from 10.00 till 19.00 closed on Monday)
A permanent exposition informs about the origin, properties, mining and processing of amber.

Kaliningrad Regional Philharmonic Hall

(Khmelnitskogo str. 61а)
Philharmonic hall proposes classic concerts for its visitors.

King’s Gates Museum
King’s Gates – are ones of the 6 remained city gates, named after Bohemian king Ottokar II, the founder of the city. By 750 anniversary of the city, the gates were completely reconstructed. The museum is situated on the crossing of Frunze street and Litovskiy Val. Open from 10.00 till 17.00, closed on Monday.

Museum of the World Ocean

(Petra Velikogo enbankment, 1)
(April-September from 11.00 – 18.00 closed on Monday, Tuesday)
(October – March from 10.00 - 17.00 closed on Monday, Tuesday)
The main building comprises the exposition "Journey to the Ocean’s World". Exposition "Ocean’s giants" offers rare biological exhibits from the late age till our time.
.

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Travel request

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      Baltic Exotic Ltd,
      rue Generala Ozerova, 10
      Kaliningrad 236 022,
      Russie


      Téléphone: +7- 4012-991-100, 563-100, 762-100, 933-101.
      Téléphone / Fax: + 7-4012-563-110

      E-mail:


      elena@baltexotic.ru
      info@baltexotic.ru






 

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