Notre région

печать old kenig.jpg

The territory of the Kaliningrad region coincides with that of the northern part of historical East Prussia, (German: Nord-Ostpreussen), which was an exclave of Germany  until 1945.

In that year the territory of East Prussia was annexed by the Soviet Union according to the Potsdam Agreement.

It was attached to the Russian Federation. Most of its German population had fled to the "mainland" of Germany during the war; the rest were expelled from 1945 to 1950.
Russian settlers moved in, and the population has been Russian ever since.

The oblast's largest city and the administrative center is Kaliningrad (formerly known as Königsberg), the capital of the former German province of East Prussia, partitioned after World War II between the USSR and Poland, and renamed after the Soviet Head of State Mikhail Kalinin.

The cities of Kaliningrad Oblast, despite being heavily damaged during World War II and thereafter, still contain some typical German architecture, showcasing the rich German history and cultural importance of the area.

Kaliningrad Oblast's economy is positively influenced by several factors, such as ice-free ports, the world's largest amber deposits and proximity to European countries.
The region also has a developed tourist infrastructure, unique museums and monuments, and tourist attractions such as the famous Curonian Spit.

Kaliningrad Oblast possesses more than 90% of the world's amber deposits.Most of the mined amber is processed outside of the region, in Russia and in other countries.


Liste des localités habitées dans l'oblast de Kaliningrad

Russian name                          German name

Bagrationovsk                         PreußischEylau
Baltiysk                                   Pillau
Chernyakhovsk                       Insterburg
Chernyshevskoye                    Eydtkau [Eydtkuhnen]
Guryevsk                                 Neuhausen
Gusev                                      Gumbinnen
Gvardeysk                               Tapiau
KALININGRAD                     KÖNIGSBERG
Krasnoznamensk                     Haselberg
Ladushkin                                Ludwigsort
Mamonovo                              Heiligenbeil
Neman                                     Ragnit
Ozyorsk                                   Angerapp
Pionerskiy                                NeuKuhren
Polessk                                     Labiau
Primorsk                                  Fischhausen
Rybachy                                   Rositten
Slavsk                                      Heinrichswalde
Sovetsk                                    Tilsit
Svetlogorsk                              Rauschen
Svetly                                       Zimmerbude
Talpaki                                     Mattenau
Ushakovo                                 Brandenburg
Yantarny                                   Palmnicken
Zelenogradsk                           Cranz
Zeleznodorozny                       Gerdauen
Zinyavino                                 GroßHubnicken (beiPalmnicken)
Znamensk                                 Wehlau

Historical background

The Kaliningrad region was formed on April 6, 1946. However, the territory has been known in Europe since early Middle Ages.
The 13th century was marked by the invasion of the Teutonic knights, who conquered the pagan Prussian tribes, destroyed their stronghold Tvangste and on its place founded a military and religious state with a fortress of Koenigsberg (stands for "King's mount" in German) as a center of the Teutonic Order in the East.
Here, the Marshal's residence was erected, and in 1457 the office and court of the Grand Master - Head of the Teutonic Order - was transferred to Koenigsberg. Later, the Teutonic Order was reorganized into the Prussian dukedom, which in the beginning of the 17th century joined the Prussian kingdom.
In 1772, part of the Prussian territory received a title of East Prussia and Koenigsberg was nominated its capital.
East Prussia lasted until the end of the WWII and was denounced by the decision of the Potsdam Conference in 1945.
Two thirds of it’s territory were annexed to Poland and the remaining part adjoining Koenigsberg in 1946 was converted into the Kaliningrad region as part of the Russian Federation, the former USSR.
On July 4, 1946, the city of Koenigsberg was renamed into Kaliningrad after M.Kalinin, a Soviet statesman and one of Stalin's party bosses.

Historical, cultural and architectural monuments

Up to date, the architectural masterpieces of East Prussia speak vividly of the centuries-old history of this mysterious land keeping memories of the great Prussian commanders and talented kings, philosophers and poets, political leaders and masters of art, industrialists and mariners.
The living eye witnesses of the bygone victories and defeats are the old Koenigsberg's city gates: Rosgarten Gates, Zakhaim Gates, King's Gates, Brandenburg Gates, Fridland Gates, gates of fortress Fridrichsburg, strongholds and bulwarks constructed in the 14th-17th centuries.
For many centuries, the center of the spiritual and religious life of Koenigsberg was the Dome (1333), which in 1989 was included in the list of the World's historical monuments by the UNESCO.
A prominent German philosopher Immanuel Kant was buried by the Dome's wall.
The Teutonic fastnesses, the oldest German church Juditten are the masterpieces of the early German gothic architectural style. The house of the Koenigsberg Stock Exchange built in the style of Floretine Renaissance is now a symbol of the golden age of Koenigsberg's trade with the four continents, i.e. Europe, Asia, Africa, and America.
Churches of St. Queen Luisa and the Holy Family, these and many other places of the region's cultural and historical heritage attract tourists from all over the world.


Travel request


      Baltic Exotic Ltd,
      rue Generala Ozerova, 10
      Kaliningrad 236 022,

      Téléphone: +7- 4012-991-100, 563-100, 762-100, 933-101.
      Téléphone / Fax: + 7-4012-563-110



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